Have you ever created a work with a lot of effort, and the work was subsequently recognized as a creation of others? If so, that’s what’s called plagiarism. Plagiarism is the act of ‘stealing’ the ideas of others and acknowledge it as one’s own. The work that was stolen can include music, pictures, ideas, or words verbally. The consequence is fatal, because in academic, plagiarism is consider as a serious problem. For students, a plagiarism can lead to failure in related subjects, and even can be dropped out from educational institutions. Plagiarism is not a good action to do.
Plagiarism is the act that often occur. For example, a Harvard University Professor Charles Ogletree is considered plagiarism because the contents of his book mostly take ideas from second source and he did not cited the second source. Fabrication is form of plagiarism which is create false facts, experienced by J. K. Rowling. Author of Harry Potter were accused of fabrication by Nancy Stouffer, although eventually these allegations are not proven. In addition, the authors named Jonathan Swift and Laurence Stern considered plagiarism from earlier sources that have the same topic. Plagiarism can also occur on the students in duplicating the work of classmates or ‘buy’ the work of the services that are specialized to do business in tasks such as thesis.
There are several reasons why someone do plagiarism. First, plagiarism because essentially the actors are not honest and want to make a profit. Examples of benefits that can be derived from plagiarism is to get good grades, or obtain the graduation of a subject. Other reasons plagiarism is done out of necessity. For example, in order to be praised and gain the respect of others as a result of writing plagiarism quality results. The author will be proud because it considers plagiarism is the result of his own efforts. Moreover, one can also do plagiarism because plagiarism is a natural thing. Incorrect understanding can occur because of a lack of knowledge and socialization about the importance to cite the sources.
Not all actions take resources is categorized plagiarism. A work owns the copyright, and in fact is not forbidden to take the same idea. It is important to remember that the idea should be taken in the form of citations agreed authoritative institutions such as the American Psychological Association. In creating the work, the author can follow and learn about the types of writing citation and rules about a references. So, to avoid plagiarism writer must understand the techniques of taking material from a source. It is important for writers to appreciate the work of the source and the sacrifices made in writing his creator. Plagiarism is not trivial and important to note to avoid fatal problems in the academic. (M / ENES)
This article has been published in Psychological Bulletin 27th Edition
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