Curriculum is a series of educational subjects that are given systematically to students, to achieve educational purposes as stated in the faculty’s visions and missions. In a competency based curriculum, the success is measured on mastering the competencies.
On the year of 2003, there is a new paradigm on medical education system in Indonesia, which changed from subject based curriculum (traditional curriculum) to competency based curriculum, and Faculty of Medicine of Tarumanagara University, has been practicing it since 2007. This change leads to shift, from teacher centered education, to student centered. On traditional curriculum, the educational process focuses on the teachers sharing their knowledge to students through lectures (teacher centered), and now, the focus changes to the students (student centered). Students has to find and learn the knowledge needed to master a subject independently. Now, the teachers role are to facilitate and as a resources for the students in a problem-based learning discussion groups.
The Faculty of Medicine of Tarumanagara University, executes the competency based curriculums using SPICES approach, which is Student centered, Problem Based, Integrated, Community oriented, Early exposure, and Systematic. With the SPICES approach, the main focus is the student, who learns through group discussions which is confronted with problems. The problems are designed for the students to reach certain subjects according to specific block modules. The subjects are organized systematically, integrated, and emphasizes on community problems. Modules are categorized based on body systems that forms a human. On these modules, subjects are organized horizontally, vertically, and systematically. The studying process is triggered with giving the students problems, and the students are encouraged to seek the knowledge that are needed to solve those problems. This study process has to be oriented to the society and to expose the students as early as possible to the field where they will work once they graduate.
The curriculum is compiled according to competencies that are needed and nationally decided by the Indonesia Medical Council (Konsil Kedokteran Indonesia) at the year of 2006, and has been revised at the year of 2012, which is Standar Pendidikan Dokter and Standar Kompetensi Dokter Indonesia. On those proposed standards, the graduates of Faculty of Medicine of Indonesia has to have abilities on seven areas of competency, which are :
- Noble Professionality
- Self-awareness and Self-developing
- Effective Communication
- Information Processing
- Evidence Based Medical Science
- Clinical Skills
- Health Problem Managements